On Friday federal regulators seized IndyMac Bank, making it the third largest bank failure in U.S. history according to the Wall Street Journal. The largest bank failure in U.S. history was the $40 billion failure of Continental Illinois Bank & Trust Co. back in 1984. IndyMac Bank held about $32 billion in assets, and it is estimated that the failure will cost the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) between $4 and $8 billion, amounting to around 10 percent of the fund’s total reserves according to the Wall Street Journal.
If you were to ask why the bank failed you might get various answers, but here is what a couple key players had to say as reported by the Wall Street Journal:
“The director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, John Reich, blamed IndyMac's failure on comments made in late June by Sen. Charles Schumer (D., N.Y.), who sent a letter to the regulator raising concerns about the bank's solvency. In the following 11 days, spooked depositors withdrew a total of $1.3 billion. Mr. Reich said Sen. Schumer gave the bank a ‘heart attack.’”
Schumer responded by saying, “’If OTS had done its job as regulator and not let IndyMac's poor and loose lending practices continue, we wouldn't be where we are today,’ Sen. Schumer said. ‘Instead of pointing false fingers of blame, OTS should start doing its job to prevent future IndyMacs.’”
Personally, I prefer the idea that the bank is reaping the rewards of all the dumb loans they made. How can one possibly justify making high LTV loans to people without verifying their income? Do you think people might stretch the truth a bit if they know you aren’t going to double-check their numbers? Duh. If they actually had proof of their income, then they wouldn’t even need to come to IndyMac: They could get a better loan somewhere else.
The question now looms of whether IndyMac is just one more in a line of many banks which are to fail, or if the carnage is done. If the outlooks of banking regulators are any indication, it is worth noting that they are hiring more examiners and prepared to take a tougher line towards risky banks according to the Wall Street Journal.
I don’t believe that IndyMac will be the last bank to fall at the hands of the subprime crisis, but they very well may be the largest. If you start dealing with anything much larger than IndyMac, the government would likely get more involved in fixing problems before it came to this. I said it after the NetBank failure, and I’ll say it again: If you are depositing money in a bank right now, then make sure that it is an FDIC insured account. Not all deposit accounts are FDIC insured, and the insurance only covers the first $100,000 (and $250,000 for retirement accounts). About 10,000 depositors of IndyMac, with deposits of approximately $1 billion, learned that lesson the hard way, and may receive little if anything. If you have more than $100,000 sitting in a smaller bank deposit account, I would suggest transferring the excess over $100,000 to either a very large bank, or several insured accounts at different banks. Really though if you are going to put your money at risk, you might as well invest it in something that will return a little more than deposit accounts do.